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The History Time-Line

of the

85th New York Veteran Volunteers

The 85th New York Volunteers organized at Elmira, New York on November 9, 1861. The regiment was made up of about 900 men from the counties of Allegany (6-10), Cattaraugus (2-10), Seneca and Ontario (2-10).

Company CCompany DCompany ECompany FCompany HCompany ICompany K & G

Time Line of the 85th NY Volunteers

Nov 9The 85th NY is organzied at Elmira, NY
Dec 3-5The 85th NY moves from its rendezvous at Elmira and heads to Washington, DC; they camp at Bladensburgh
Dec 19Camp was moved to Meridian Hill
Mar 28Commanded to move to and camp in the vicinity of Alexandria, VA
Mar 31The 85th moves down the Potomac River
Apr 1The 85th lands at Fortress Monroe and camps 6 miles from the fortress on the road to Newport News
May 29-30Battle of Fair Oaks; 72 men of the 85th were killed or wounded; all baggage, even shelter tents fell into enemy hands
June 26-27Battle at Gaines Mills; the 85th is ordered to move across the White Oak Swamp and hold the roads
July 1Battle at Malvern Hill; 85th is one of thre regiments of the rear-guard
July-AugThe 85th is engaged in intrenching and drills
Aug 2485th is camped 1 mile from Frotress Monroe
Aug 28Camp is made at Newport News
Oct 6Camp is made at Suffolk, Va.
Dec 4Orders received to move out as part of Wessel's Brigade in the direction of North Carolina
Dec 7They join up with Major-General J.G. Foster's army and march toards Kingston and Goldsborough
Dec 12Battle at Kingston; the 85th loses 4 men
Dec 17Battle at Goldsborough
Dec 21The 85th reaches New Berlin and remained camped there until early spring
Apr 8The 85th with 13 other regiments receive orders to relieve Gen. Foster who is besieged at Little Washington; they meet with opposition and retreat back to Newbern
Apr 11The 85th again march to the aid of Gen. Foster, this time without opposition
Apr 25The 85th returns to Newbern by steamer and then embarks for Plymouth, NC
Apr 26The 85th arrives at Plymouth and remain camped there until the spring of 1864
SummerCompany I of the 85th is sent on detached duty at Roanoke Island
DecCopmny A of the 85th is sent to Roanoke Island to relieve Company I
JanMany men of the 85th re-enlist as Veterans
Apr 17-20Battle at Plymouth, NC; 9 companies of the 85th are taken prisoner.
Apr 21-30Prisoners begin their march through Goldsborough, Wilimington, Charleston, Macon and Andersonville where the officers and enlisted men are separated.
MayOfficers of the 85th were reshipped for Macon, Georgia and after some months to Savannah; then to Charleston and finally to Columbia, SC
AugCompany A received a veteran furlough and sent home to recruit
OctCompany A returns to Roanoke Island with full ranks
Oct 30Lieutenant Cushing sinks the rebel ironclad Albemarle and the 85th participate in driving the Confederate forces from Plymouth, NC
FebMany officers were paroled and returned to the North
MarchThe 85th was ordered to Newbern in support of General Sherman's army
Mar 7The 85th leaves Newbern by rail
Mar 8-10The Confederates are encountered at Wise's Forks and the 85th are directed to find the enemy's positon and join the force under Col. Upham; the 85th are engaged in in a battle of less then 20 minutes, 30 men of the 85th are killed or wounded
Mar 20-21The 85th advance on and enter Goldsborough unopposed
Apr-JuneThe 85th is ordered to Mosely Hall
June 6The 85th returns to Newbern
July 5The 85th arrives in Elmira, New York
July 15The men of the 85th are mustered out of service

Sources: History of Allegany County, NY, 1806-1879, F.W. Beers & Company.

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Last updated on July 27, 2006
© copyright 1999, by Vivian Karen Bush
This page is part of the Allegany County, New York GenWeb Site and is not affiliated with any other society or organization.